In the Bible, whenever you see the word trumpet mentioned to call the people to assembly, or in a warning or a call to war, it is the Hebrew word Shofar (שׁוֹפָר). There are a couple of instances where a silver trumpet is mentioned, but as far as I can ascertain, they were metal instruments that were used in the service of Elohyim’s Temple. The following is a result of a search for the definition of Shofar on the Internet:
The Shofar is a trumpet made of an animal’s horn, preferably a Ram’s horn.
The sound of the shofar arouses our souls to repentance.
We blow the shofar to show that we accept Elohyim as our king, as it says in Tehillim (Psalms) 98:6, “With trumpets and the sound of the shofar make a call out before the King, Elohyim”.
The shofar was heard when we received the Torah at Mount Sinai as it says in Shemot (Exodus) 19:16, “And it came to pass on the third day in the morning, that there was thunder and lightning, and a thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice of the shofar extremely loud; so that all the people that were in the camp trembled.” Thus when we hear the shofar we are reminded to strengthen our commitment to the Torah.
The Shofar reminds us of the ram Elohyim brought to Abraham just as he tied down his son Isaac in preparation for the ultimate sacrifice.
The Use of Shofars in the Bible
There are references to the blowing of the shofar all over the Bible. We’ll look at the uses and the scriptures that back them up. This list is long, but quite informative.
- The ram’s horn, the Shofar, is a reminder of Abraham’s sacrifice of Isaac and Elohyim’s provision of a ram as a substitute.
And Abraham lifted up his eyes, and looked, and behold behind him a ram caught in a thicket by his horns: and Abraham went and took the ram, and offered him up for a burnt offering in the stead of his son. Genesis 22:13
*While not actually an account of blowing a ram’s horn, it is the first mention of one as far as I can tell.
- The Torah was given to Israel with the sound of the Shofar from heaven.
And when the voice of the trumpet sounded long, and waxed louder and louder, Moses spake, and Elohyim answered him by a voice. Exodus 19:19
- The Shofar was blown at the start of the year of Jubilee on Yom Teruah (Feast of Trumpets).
And thou shalt number seven sabbaths of years unto thee, seven times seven years; and the space of the seven sabbaths of years shall be unto thee forty and nine years. Then shalt thou cause the trumpet of the jubilee to sound on the tenth day of the seventh month, in the day of atonement shall ye make the trumpet sound throughout all your land. Leviticus 25:9-10
- The trumpet was blown to announce the beginning of the festivals.
Also in the day of your gladness, and in your solemn days, and in the beginnings of your months, ye shall blow with the trumpets over your burnt offerings, and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings; that they may be to you for a memorial before your Elohyim: I am יהוה (YHWH) your Elohyim. Numbers 10:10
- Israel conquered in the battle of Jericho with the blast of the Shofar.
So the people shouted when the priests blew with the trumpets: and it came to pass, when the people heard the sound of the trumpet, and the people shouted with a great shout, that the wall fell down flat, so that the people went up into the city, every man straight before him, and they took the city. Joshua 6:20
- Gideon and his army confused and scattered the enemy with the Shofar.
And it was so, when Gideon heard the telling of the dream, and the interpretation thereof, that he worshipped, and returned into the host of Israel, and said, Arise; for יהוה (YHWH) hath delivered into your hand the host of Midian.
And he divided the three hundred men into three companies, and he put a trumpet in every man’s hand, with empty pitchers, and lamps within the pitchers. And he said unto them, Look on me, and do likewise: and, behold, when I come to the outside of the camp, it shall be that, as I do, so shall ye do. When I blow with a trumpet, I and all that are with me, then blow ye the trumpets also on every side of all the camp, and say, The sword of יהוה (YHWH), and of Gideon.
So Gideon, and the hundred men that were with him, came unto the outside of the camp in the beginning of the middle watch; and they had but newly set the watch: and they blew the trumpets, and brake the pitchers that were in their hands.
And the three companies blew the trumpets, and brake the pitchers, and held the lamps in their left hands, and the trumpets in their right hands to blow withal: and they cried, The sword of יהוה (YHWH), and of Gideon. And they stood every man in his place round about the camp; and all the host ran, and cried, and fled. And the three hundred blew the trumpets, and יהוה (YHWH) set every man’s sword against his fellow, even throughout all the host: and the host fled to Bethshittah in Zererath, and to the border of Abelmeholah, unto Tabbath. Judges 7:15-22
- The Shofar was blown to signal the assembly of the Israelites during war.
And it came to pass, when he was come, that he blew a trumpet in the mountain of Ephraim, and the children of Israel went down with him from the mount, and he before them. And he said unto them, Follow after me: for יהוה (YHWH) hath delivered your enemies the Moabites into your hand. And they went down after him, and took the fords of Jordan toward Moab, and suffered not a man to pass over. Judges 3:27-28
But the Spirit of יהוה (YHWH) came upon Gideon, and he blew a trumpet; and Abiezer was gathered after him. Judges 6:34
And there happened to be there a man of Belial, whose name was Sheba, the son of Bichri, a Benjamite: and he blew a trumpet, and said, We have no part in David, neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: every man to his tents, O Israel. 2 Samuel 20:1
My bowels, my bowels! I am pained at my very heart; my heart maketh a noise in me; I cannot hold my peace, because thou hast heard, O my soul, the sound of the trumpet, the alarm of war. Jeremiah 4:19
Set ye up a standard in the land, blow the trumpet among the nations, prepare the nations against her, call together against her the kingdoms of Ararat, Minni, and Ashchenaz; appoint a captain against her; cause the horses to come up as the rough caterpillars. Jeremiah 51:27
In what place therefore ye hear the sound of the trumpet, resort ye thither unto us: our Elohyim shall fight for us. Nehemiah 4:20
Shall a trumpet be blown in the city, and the people not be afraid? shall there be evil in a city, and יהוה (YHWH) hath not done it? Amos 3:6
- Seven Shofar were blown before the ark of Elohyim.
And Shebaniah, and Jehoshaphat, and Nethaneel, and Amasai, and Zechariah, and Benaiah, and Eliezer, the priests, did blow with the trumpets before the ark of Elohyim: and Obededom and Jehiah were doorkeepers for the ark. 1 Chronicles 15:24
So David and all the house of Israel brought up the ark of יהוה (YHWH) with shouting, and with the sound of the trumpet. 2 Samuel 6:15
- They took an oath before יהוה (YHWH)…..with trumpets and rams’ horns.
And they sware unto יהוה (YHWH) with a loud voice, and with shouting, and with trumpets, and with cornets. 2 Chronicles 15:14
- The Shofar was used for the coronation of kings. For example, King Solomon.
And let Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet anoint him there king over Israel: and blow ye with the trumpet, and say, Elohyim save king Solomon…..And Zadok the priest took an horn of oil out of the tabernacle, and anointed Solomon. And they blew the trumpet; and the people said, Elohyim save king Solomon. 1 Kings 1:34, 39
- The Shofar is a reminder that Elohyim is sovereign.
Elohyim is gone up with a shout, יהוה (YHWH) with the sound of a trumpet. Psalm 47:5
- The Shofar was blown to celebrate the new moon each month.
Sing aloud unto Elohyim our strength: make a joyful noise unto the Elohyim of Jacob. Take a psalm, and bring hither the timbrel, the pleasant harp with the psaltery. Blow up the trumpet in the new moon, in the time appointed, on our solemn feast day. Psalm 81:1-3
- The Shofar was used to accompany other musical instruments during temple ceremonies in Jerusalem and in praise and worship.
With trumpets and sound of cornet make a joyful noise before יהוה (YHWH), the King. Psalm 98:6
Praise him with the sound of the trumpet: praise him with the psaltery and harp. Praise him with the timbrel and dance: praise him with stringed instruments and organs. Praise him upon the loud cymbals: praise him upon the high sounding cymbals. Let every thing that hath breath praise יהוה (YHWH). Praise ye יהוה (YHWH). Psalm 150:3-6
- The Shofar will be blown at the time of the ingathering of the exiles to Israel.
And it shall come to pass in that day, that the great trumpet shall be blown, and they shall come which were ready to perish in the land of Assyria, and the outcasts in the land of Egypt, and shall worship יהוה (YHWH) in the holy mount at Jerusalem. Isaiah 27:13
- The blowing of the Shofar is a signal for the call to repentance.
Cry aloud, spare not, lift up thy voice like a trumpet, and shew my people their transgression, and the house of Jacob their sins. Isaiah 58:1
Set the trumpet to thy mouth. He shall come as an eagle against the house of יהוה (YHWH), because they have transgressed my covenant, and trespassed against my law. Hosea 8:1
- The Shofar were blown as a warning.
If when he seeth the sword come upon the land, he blow the trumpet, and warn the people; Then whosoever heareth the sound of the trumpet, and taketh not warning; if the sword come, and take him away, his blood shall be upon his own head. He heard the sound of the trumpet, and took not warning; his blood shall be upon him. But he that taketh warning shall deliver his soul. But if the watchman see the sword come, and blow not the trumpet, and the people be not warned; if the sword come, and take any person from among them, he is taken away in his iniquity; but his blood will I require at the watchman’s hand. Ezekiel 33:3-6
And if ye go to war in your land against the enemy that oppresseth you, then ye shall blow an alarm with the trumpets; and ye shall be remembered before יהוה (YHWH) your Elohyim, and ye shall be saved from your enemies. Numbers 10:9
All ye inhabitants of the world, and dwellers on the earth, see ye, when he lifteth up an ensign on the mountains; and when he bloweth a trumpet, hear ye. Isaiah 18:3
- The blowing of the Shofar ushers in the day of יהוה (YHWH).
Blow ye the trumpet in Zion, and sound an alarm in my holy mountain: let all the inhabitants of the land tremble: for the day of יהוה (YHWH) cometh, for it is nigh at hand; Joel 2:1
- The Shofar is blown to call the sacred assembly.
Blow the trumpet in Zion, sanctify a fast, call a solemn assembly: Joel 2:15
- Israel will be advised of the advent of the Messiah with the sound of the Shofar.
And יהוה (YHWH) shall be seen over them, and his arrow shall go forth as the lightning: and יהוה (YHWH) Elohyim shall blow the trumpet, and shall go with whirlwinds of the south. יהוה (YHWH) of hosts shall defend them; and they shall devour, and subdue with sling stones; and they shall drink, and make a noise as through wine; and they shall be filled like bowls, and as the corners of the altar. And יהוה (YHWH) their Elohyim shall save them in that day as the flock of his people: for they shall be as the stones of a crown, lifted up as an ensign upon his land. Zechariah 9:14-16
- The Shofar is sounded at the harpazo (rapture) of the saints.
For יהוה (YHWH) himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of Elohyim: and the dead in Christ shall rise first: Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet יהוה (YHWH) in the air: and so shall we ever be with יהוה (YHWH). 1 Thessalonians 4:16-17
- The Shofar (trumpet) is the sound of Elohyim’s voice.
I was in the Spirit on יהוה (YHWH)’s day, and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet, Revelation 1:10
- John was taken up to Heaven in the Book of Revelation by the sound of the Shofar.
After this I looked, and, behold, a door was opened in heaven: and the first voice which I heard was as it were of a trumpet talking with me; which said, Come up hither, and I will shew thee things which must be hereafter. Revelation 4:1
- Seven trumpets (Shofar) are sounded when Elohyim judges the earth during the tribulation.
And when he had opened the seventh seal, there was silence in heaven about the space of half an hour. And I saw the seven angels which stood before Elohyim; and to them were given seven trumpets. And another angel came and stood at the altar, having a golden censer; and there was given unto him much incense, that he should offer it with the prayers of all saints upon the golden altar which was before the throne. And the smoke of the incense, which came with the prayers of the saints, ascended up before Elohyim out of the angel’s hand. And the angel took the censer, and filled it with fire of the altar, and cast it into the earth: and there were voices, and thunderings, and lightnings, and an earthquake. And the seven angels which had the seven trumpets prepared themselves to sound.
The first angel sounded, and there followed hail and fire mingled with blood, and they were cast upon the earth: and the third part of trees was burnt up, and all green grass was burnt up.
And the second angel sounded, and as it were a great mountain burning with fire was cast into the sea: and the third part of the sea became blood; And the third part of the creatures which were in the sea, and had life, died; and the third part of the ships were destroyed.
And the third angel sounded, and there fell a great star from heaven, burning as it were a lamp, and it fell upon the third part of the rivers, and upon the fountains of waters; And the name of the star is called Wormwood: and the third part of the waters became wormwood; and many men died of the waters, because they were made bitter.
And the fourth angel sounded, and the third part of the sun was smitten, and the third part of the moon, and the third part of the stars; so as the third part of them was darkened, and the day shone not for a third part of it, and the night likewise. And I beheld, and heard an angel flying through the midst of heaven, saying with a loud voice, Woe, woe, woe, to the inhibitors of the earth by reason of the other voices of the trumpet of the three angels, which are yet to sound!
And the fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star fall from heaven unto the earth: and to him was given the key of the bottomless pit. And he opened the bottomless pit; and there arose a smoke out of the pit, as the smoke of a great furnace; and the sun and the air were darkened by reason of the smoke of the pit. And there came out of the smoke locusts upon the earth: and unto them was given power, as the scorpions of the earth have power. And it was commanded them that they should not hurt the grass of the earth, neither any green thing, neither any tree; but only those men which have not the seal of Elohyim in their foreheads. And to them it was given that they should not kill them, but that they should be tormented five months: and their torment was as the torment of a scorpion, when he striketh a man. And in those days shall men seek death, and shall not find it; and shall desire to die, and death shall flee from them. And the shapes of the locusts were like unto horses prepared unto battle; and on their heads were as it were crowns like gold, and their faces were as the faces of men. And they had hair as the hair of women, and their teeth were as the teeth of lions. And they had breastplates, as it were breastplates of iron; and the sound of their wings was as the sound of chariots of many horses running to battle. And they had tails like unto scorpions, and there were stings in their tails: and their power was to hurt men five months. And they had a king over them, which is the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue is Abaddon, but in the Greek tongue hath his name Apollyon. One woe is past; and, behold, there come two woes more hereafter.
And the sixth angel sounded, and I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar which is before Elohyim, Saying to the sixth angel which had the trumpet, Loose the four angels which are bound in the great river Euphrates. And the four angels were loosed, which were prepared for an hour, and a day, and a month, and a year, for to slay the third part of men. And the number of the army of the horsemen were two hundred thousand thousand: and I heard the number of them. And thus I saw the horses in the vision, and them that sat on them, having breastplates of fire, and of jacinth, and brimstone: and the heads of the horses were as the heads of lions; and out of their mouths issued fire and smoke and brimstone. By these three was the third part of men killed, by the fire, and by the smoke, and by the brimstone, which issued out of their mouths. For their power is in their mouth, and in their tails: for their tails were like unto serpents, and had heads, and with them they do hurt. And the rest of the men which were not killed by these plagues yet repented not of the works of their hands, that they should not worship devils, and idols of gold, and silver, and brass, and stone, and of wood: which neither can see, nor hear, nor walk: Neither repented they of their murders, nor of their sorceries, nor of their fornication, nor of their thefts.
And I saw another mighty angel come down from heaven, clothed with a cloud: and a rainbow was upon his head, and his face was as it were the sun, and his feet as pillars of fire: And he had in his hand a little book open: and he set his right foot upon the sea, and his left foot on the earth, And cried with a loud voice, as when a lion roareth: and when he had cried, seven thunders uttered their voices. And when the seven thunders had uttered their voices, I was about to write: and I heard a voice from heaven saying unto me, Seal up those things which the seven thunders uttered, and write them not. And the angel which I saw stand upon the sea and upon the earth lifted up his hand to heaven, And sware by him that liveth for ever and ever, who created heaven, and the things that therein are, and the earth, and the things that therein are, and the sea, and the things which are therein, that there should be time no longer: But in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he shall begin to sound, the mystery of Elohyim should be finished, as he hath declared to his servants the prophets. Revelation 8:1-10:7
The Shofar for Spiritual Warfare
It is important to realize that physical things tend to impact the spiritual realm and the spiritual the physical realm. Several years ago, while I was a believer who was walking in the flesh, I was told this by יהוה (YHWH). I can’t really remember what the circumstances was, but I can remember after completing whatever act it was, יהוה (YHWH) showed me that the spiritual realm is filled with entities that watch us all the time.
What we think we do in secret and what we think we get away with is actually witnessed by a host of angels and demons and of course יהוה (YHWH) Himself. It’s like we’re in a play, performing in front of a large audience; unaware that the audience is there. Frankly, I believe that if Christians would realize that and remember it, we would not do some of the things that we do.
It is also important to realize that the good things that we do; the things we do in Yeshua’s name, are also seen by the whole audience. I’m comforted by the scriptures that read:
The eyes of יהוה (YHWH) are upon the righteous, and his ears are open unto their cry. Psalm 34:15
For the ways of man are before the eyes of יהוה (YHWH), and he pondereth all his goings. Proverbs 5:21
The eyes of יהוה (YHWH) are in every place, beholding the evil and the good. Proverbs 15:3